Anyone new to the scene of buying CBD products online or researching to learn more about plant-based relief, is met with an onslaught of terminology that can easily overwhelm the experience. Thanks to recent advances in science and technology, multiple compounds found in the cannabis plant can be extracted and sold to consumers in various forms. Each compound is unique, reacts differently within our bodies and is intended to address specific health needs. All of this creates a myriad of acronyms and unfamiliar words that can make our heads spin.
Wading through this sea of terminology can be confusing, frustrating and tiring. Wouldn’t it be great if someone compiled a list of cannabis-related terms and their definitions to serve as a resource to navigate through the confusion? We agree, so here you go! You’ll notice these terms frequently when you are researching products to buy CBD online. We hope it helps!
Cannabidiol (CBD) – One of the four most well-known cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. CBD is non psychoactive (meaning that it does not produce the high often associated with cannabis) and widely used to self-treat various conditions, including pain, anxiety, and insomnia.
Cannabis – Cannabis refers to a group of three varieties of marijuana plants with psychoactive properties: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis contains more than 400 distinct compounds, that together and separately, produce various effects in the body.
Cannabinoid – Any chemical, natural or synthetic, that interacts with the endocannabinoid system.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – The main active psychoactive constituent of cannabis responsible for the euphoric or body high sensation.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS) – The main purpose of the ECS is to maintain homeostasis (biological harmony) in response to changes in the body’s external and internal environment. The ECS interacts with just about every part of the body.
Endocannabinoids – Natural chemicals produced by the body that interact with your endocannabinoid system and regulate important body functions. Their primary purpose is to maintain a proper functioning balance.
Cannabinoid 1 (CB1) Receptor – CB1 receptors are found primarily in the brain, central nervous system, lungs, liver, and kidneys, as well as on the skin. They are the main targets of THC and play a role in producing the euphoric effects of cannabis. In addition, CB1 receptors help regulate metabolism and appetite.
Cannabinoid 2 (CB2) Receptor – CB2 receptors are mainly found on immune cells but are also present in the central nervous system. They play an essential role in regulating immune response, inflammation, and pain.
Endocannabinoid Receptor – These receptors reside on the surface of a variety of types of cells throughout the body, to trigger a physiological response.
Extraction – The process of separating the chemical components of cannabis from the plant matrix.
Concentrates/Extracts – Cannabis concentrates, or extracts, are significantly more potent than a standard cannabis bud or flower. They are processed to keep only the most desirable medicinal compounds while removing excess plant material. Concentrates are often developed for medical applications.
Dosing – The quantity of cannabis taken to treat specific health conditions.
Topical – An oil, salve, lotion, ointment, or patch infused with a cannabinoid that can be applied directly to the skin.
Edible – Food or candy products infused with marijuana compounds. Edibles must be digested in order to take effect, and as a result, it may take some time to feel whatever sensation they produce.
Hemp – A cannabis plant that contains 0.3 percent or less of THC, cultivated for industrial or medicinal uses. Commercial items made from hemp fiber include paper, textiles, clothing, and biodegradable plastic; hemp seed oil is used as food and in shampoo and skin products; and hulled hemp seeds are eaten on their own or ground into flour.